Egypt, a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, has long been celebrated for its unparalleled historical and cultural legacy. Often referred to as the cradle of civilization, Egypt's ancient history is characterized by its powerful pharaohs, monumental architecture, and rich artistic and scientific contributions. The country's most iconic symbols, the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, continue to captivate the imagination of people worldwide. Egypt's extensive history includes periods of Greek, Roman, and Islamic influence, leaving an indelible mark on its architecture, language, and culture. The Nile River, the world's longest river, has been the lifeblood of Egypt throughout history, providing the fertile land that allowed ancient Egyptian civilization to flourish and continue to sustain the modern population.